Monaco is a principality of Southern Europe, one of the
small European states. It forms an enclave in the South
of France, in the summer area of the Côte d'Azur
(French Riviera). It occupies an area of only 1.95 km2 and
comprises three urban centers: Monte Carlo, La Condamine
It has a Mediterranean climate, with mild
features throughout most of the year.
The principal economic activity of the principality is
tourism, so the density of hotels is high. Residents are
civil servants, employees of commerce and tourism or
work in the mechanics and electronics industries.
It has a population of 32 543 inhabitants (2006). The
birth and death rates are, respectively, 9.19% and
12.91%. Average life expectancy is 79.69 years. Neither
the HDI nor the IDG has been assigned. It is estimated
that, in 2025, the population will be 34,600
inhabitants. The inhabitants of Monaco are mostly
French, Monaco natives and Italians. The most practiced
religion is Catholic and the official language is
Art and Culture
In the casino there is a theater designed by a French
architect in the 19th century and this is also the space
dedicated to the opera of Monte Carlo. In the twenties,
many Russian ballets made their debut in this
Its settlement dates back to the Phoenicians, Greeks and
Carthaginians. It was part of the Roman Empire and
became a Genoese possession in the 12th century. The
Guimara family Grimaldi, of Genoa, in 1297 achieved the
full sovereignty of the territory thanks to the
protection of Louis II of Anjou. It was Spanish
protectorate between 1542 and 1641. During the French
Revolution, the territory was annexed by France. The
Grimaldi family was imprisoned, with one member being
guillotined. The Grimaldi family returned to power in
1814 and a year later the principality became Sardinian
protectorate, under the Vienna Congress held in
1815; but in 1861 he returned to French protection.
In 1940 it was occupied by Italy and three years
later by Germany. The territory was liberated in 1945.
Prince Rainier III came to the throne in 1949 and his
son Alberto was born in 1958. It is in this family that
the Principality of Monaco has been
maintained. Legislative power is divided between the
prince and parliament (18-member national council,
elected by universal suffrage). France is involved in
the government of Monaco, participates in the choice of
the head of government. In the event of the extinction
of the Grimaldi dynasty, Monaco will become the
protectorate of France.
In 1993 Monaco became part of the United Nations, since
since 1955 it had observer status.
|1UpTravel.com - Maps of Monaco
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|Expedia.com Maps - Monaco
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|Monaco - Atlapedia Online
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|Monaco - National Geographic Map Machine
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|Monaco - WorldAtlas.com
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country details, and a question section for this country
smaller than many world cities.